Apart from the viral and bacterial causes for conjunctivitis, there are two more that are rarely highlighted in discussions on conjunctivitis – chemical and allergic conjunctivitis. Most of the chemicals contained in the products of everyday use like soaps, shower gels and shampoos which play an increasing part in our daily lives, have a part of their chemical composition turning the irritant that induces these variants of conjuctivitis. Also, there are factors like air pollution, chlorinated swimming pool water, pesticides and smoke too, that are contributing towards the increase of conjunctivitis cases.

With changing lifestyles and more people moving to urban settlements, the air quality of the cities has been deteriorating at an alarming rate. Increase in the number of vehicles plying on the roads as well as use of pesticides in food produce and as a deterrent for mosquitoes are releasing more chemicals in the environment than normal. Chlorine in swimming pools, contact lens cleansing solutions, chemicals in cosmetic products, toxic mosquito repellent fumes, detergents in bathing products, ammonia and pesticides are cited as the core eye-irritants that have the ability to escalate into conjunctivitis.

Allergens leading to eye irritation can be caused by any of these and it is always a good idea to keep your surroundings clean and well ventilated, including proper grooming of pets as well as indoor plants. Eye care should include a regular check up with the general physician during seasonal viral spreads too. Although the pinkness or redness in the eye can be easily visible, the extent of the infection can only be detected by evaluation and measurement of visual acuity, inner structures of the eye and if required supplemental testing.

There are several home remedies that are touted as Ayurvedic remedy for eye diseases, especially for conjunctivitis treatment. The root of Berberis Asiatica (turmeric), trifala in form of lotion and oral powder, dried coriander and tamarind leaves and amla juice are some quick relievers for eye irritation, pain and halting the infection. However, in order to get a wholesome and long term treatment in Ayurveda for conjunctivitis, consult a specialist.

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